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4 Summaries

MN 82 Raṭṭhapāla Sutta: About Raṭṭhapāla

After a struggle to get permission to ordain from his parents Raṭṭhapāla talks to a king and tells him of the four summaries of the Dharma:

  • Life in any world is unstable, it is swept away.
    – old age, sickness and death.

  • Life in any world has no shelter and no protector.
    – you have to feel pain alone, no one else can share it.

  • Life in any world has nothing of its own, one has to leave all and pass on.
    – death takes everything acquired in this life.

  • Life in any world is incomplete, insatiate, the slave of craving.
    – desire can never be wholly satisfying and it generates a feeling of lack.

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